MARBLE INLAY WORK – CARRIED OUT IN TWO PLACES IN INDIA
This are work done on Marble is mainly carried out in two places in India namely Rajasthan and Agra in Uttar Pradesh where the former is noted for its Inlay work on table tops, flooring, and all wall decorative and latter is known for its Parchin Kari work. The Parchin kari work is quite expensive and very graceful with intricate labor. This craft flourished and reached its peak during the era of the Mughals in Medieval India and especially after the constructing of “TAJ MAHAL”.
Rajasthan and Agra are two most important centers for marble carving and marble inlay work. Agra especially concentrates in miniature Taj Carvings, trinket boxes, vases and lamps. Most of the Mughal Mounments and of course the Taj Mahal one of the seven wonders of the world stand as pioneers in the field of Marble work.
There are nearly 30 types of colored stones present in the market for the inlay process and some of them are White Jasper, Chocolate Stone, Green Marble, Sang-E-Mariam, Tiger Stone, Red Jasper, Lapis, Green Aventurine, Brown Bidasar, Black Onyx, Yellow Aventurine, Green Bidsar, Yellow Bidasar, Cobra Stone, Malachite, Ruby, Jaiselmer Red ( Heated ), Dark Green Bidasar, Crema Marble, Jaiselmer Yellow, Alikantak, Green Laventure, Torques ( Firoza ), Amethyst, etc.
Though the Marble inlay work of India similar to that of the Piera Dura of Italy. The Century old Marble Inlay art requires both semi precious stone and decorative stones and different color marbles are cut as per design and inlaid into a base stone to achieve the desired motif. Some of the semiprecious stones include Lapiz Lazuli, Malachite, Soda-lite, Amethyst, Tiger Eyes and White and Green Marbles which are used as decorative stones. The semi precious stonrs which are going to be used in the Inlay work are sliced and usually the thickness of the stone slices ranges between 4 – 7 MM.
It is then cut according to the required shape and size. Then all these pieces of the crafted stone are brought together on the base stone and then all base stone marked with catr for further process of engraving. Once the base stone is ready the different slices of the colored stones are fixed on the appropriate engraved stone with the help of edges are finally polished and then buffed up to give a glossy and gleaming rich look. Antique marble inlay are is seen in various monuments of India like TAJ MAHAL and TOMB OF AMIR KHUSRO in India. A marble inlay work may cost anywhere subjected to change depending upon the size and intricacy of work involved in it.
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